Hemp Essay

Aquí les dejaré un ensayo que hice sobre porque el cáñamo (Hemp) debería ser legal y no ilegal o confundido con la marihuana. El ensayo está hecho en inglés, cualquier duda que tengan me pueden escribir en los comentarios o enviarme un email a janguito11@gmail.com


Hemp (Cannabis Sativa L) should be legal or illegal?

According to the North American Industrial Hemp (NAICH) more than 25,000 products can be made from hemp. This includes health foods, organic body care, clothing, construction materials, biofuels, plastic composites and more. According to Vilcina. A, Grinberya-Zalite. G & Markova. K. (2014) hemp is one of the fastest growing crops, and it has huge potential to be produced in many ways. But, today in the United States it is illegal to cultivate hemp, thanks to the “Marijuana Tax Act” created in 1937. Many of the people who support the act do not know the differences between hemp and marijuana. Most of these people believe that by legalizing hemp they are also legalizing marijuana, which is not true. To have the effects of being high by smoking hemp, you would need to smoke about 100 or more joints. The THC levels of hemp as low as 0.2% to 0.3% as said by Amaducci, S et al., (2014). There are many problems involving the prohibition of hemp in the United States, for example we are suffering a deforestation in a gruesome way, our economy is in a great recession and many materials used to create plastic affect the environment, but what can we do?

Henry Ford in 1941 built a prototype car from biocomposite materials, using agricultural fiber, such as hemp. He said, “Why use up the forest, which were centuries in the making, and the mines, which required ages to lay down, if we can get the equivalent of forest and mineral products in the annual growth of the hemp fields?” But nothing happened because later he said that the “Marijuana Tax Act” destroyed this great invention and today it has remained in the figurative dust.

According to Mount, S. (2010), The Declaration of Independence was drafted on hemp-based paper. With hemp, we can produce many of the world’s textiles, fabrics, and clothing. As seen, in the 1820’s 80% of the manufactured textile products were hemp-based. Later when the cotton gin emerged, all of these things started to be made out of cotton. Also, hemp can be used as a raw material for industrial and energy production; 30% to 40% of its stem can be used for high quality

production of fiber” (Vilcina. A, Grinberya-Zalite. G & Makovka. K., 2014). According to Save America’s Forests, 95% of our original forests were axed during the past 200 years, and the reason was mainly to create paper and things that could alternatively be made of hemp, since anything made of wood can be substituted by hemp.

According to the Hemp Industries Association, hemp- based in the U.S. costumers have increased above $500 million in recent years while U.S. hemp imports continue to grow. Many of these products come from Europe, where the cultivation of hemp is legal and important. In countries like United Kingdom, France, The Netherlands, Germany, Spain, and Italy, crops are important and necessary for the economy. The reasons are simple, the unique properties of the hemp, particularly its environmental benefits, and the high yield of natural technical fibers, is a valuable crop for the bio-based economy as said by Carus et al., (2013).

Muhammad Saif Ur et al., (2013) once stated: “Industrial hemp has emerged as a potential energy crop along with several advantages” (p. 2). For bio-based economy, hemp and hemp oil are excellent because they produce a high amount of biomass. With hemp, they can produce bioethanol, biogas, and biodiesel. As Finnan & Styles (2013) point out, to achieve greater reductions in GHG (Greenhouse Gas) emissions, we need to use hemp to substitute a considerable amount of oil. Based on a study by Radočaj, O., Dimić, E., & Tsao, R. (2014), hemp oil press-cake may be a good original source for crackers development. Cold-pressed hemp, flax, and canola are healthy oils as they are rich in unsaturated fatty acids said by Teh, Sue-Siang., Birch, J. (2014). Using hemp oil, we can make the crackers healthier with a great source of fiber and protein.

Finally, a hemp revival is gaining momentum. The perception is beginning to change in the U.S. Over the past several decades, there’s been a resurgence of interest in hemp by diverse groups politically and from farmers, nutritionist, activists and green consumers. Some states legalized marijuana but not hemp, apparently they aren’t aware of the benefits to gain by the legalizing hemp. Today, United States is the only industrial nation which has banned hemp production. Living in an economic crisis, combined with the threats of peak oil and global warming, makes one think that we should opt for a new way to avoid waiting until it’s too late. Finnan & Styles (2013) said that hemp may be a beneficial crop to introduce farmers to produce bioenergy and biomass supplies. Each of us can make support the hemp marketplaces growth by buying hemp products, staying informed and teaching the society about the benefits of industrial hemp for the economy and the environment. Hemp could be a jumpstart to America’s green economy.


References

Amaducci S., Scordia D., Liu F.H., Zhang Q., Guo H., Testa G., Cosentino S.L. (2014) Keycultivation techniques for hemp in Europe and China, Industrial Crops and Products, Available online 14 July 2014, ISSN 0926-6690, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.06.041.

Retrieved February 28, 2015, from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669014003987

Bonnie, R., & Whitebread, II, C. (n.d.). Passage of the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937. Retrieved February 27, 2015, from http://druglibrary.net/schaffer/Library/studies/vlr/vlr4.htm

Bramhall, S. (2014, October 5). Politics of Hemp. Retrieved from http://www.veteranstoday.com/2014/10/05/the-politics-of-hemp/

Carus, M., Karst, S., Kauffmann, A., Hobson, J., & Bertucelli, S. (2013, March 1). The European Hemp Industry: Cultivation, Processing and Applications for Fibres, Shives and Seeds. Retrieved February 28, 2015, from http://www.votehemp.com/PDF/13-03_European_Hemp_Industry.pdf

Crisis in America’s Forests. (n.d.). Retrieved February 28, 2015, from http://www.saveamericasforests.org/crisis.htm

Finnan J., Styles D. (2013) Hemp: A more sustainable annual energy crop for climate and energy policy, Energy Policy, Volume 58, July 2013, 152-162, ISSN 0301-4215, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2013.02.046. Retrieved February 28, 2015, from

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513001523

Fletcher, R., & Murphy, T. (2013, February 13). As Momentum Builds for Policy Change, U.S. Market for Products Made from Industrial Hemp Continues to Thrive. Retrieved February 28, 2015, from http://www.thehia.org/PR/PDF/2013-02-25-hia_$500_million_annual_sales.pdf

Hemp Facts. (1997, October 1). Retrieved March 1, 2015, from http://www.naihc.org/hemp_information/hemp_facts.html

Henry Ford’s Hemp Car Re-Examined. (n.d.). Retrieved February 27, 2015, from http://www.hemp.com/2011/01/henrys-hemp-car-not-so-much-hemp/

Mount, S. (2010). Constitutional FAQ Answer #145 – The U.S. Constitution Online – USConstitution.net. Retrieved February 28, 2015 from http://www.usconstitution.net/consttop_duep.html

Teh S.S., Birch J. (2013). Physicochemical and quality characteristics of cold-pressed hemp, flax and canola seed oils, Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, Volume 30, Issue 1, May 2013, 26-31, ISSN 0889-1575, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2013.01.004. Retrieved March 1, 2015, from

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0889157513000094

Saif Ur Rehman M., Rashid N., Saif A., Mahmood T., Han J.I. (2013) Potential of bioenergy production from industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa): Pakistan perspective, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 18, February 2013, 154-164, ISSN 1364-0321, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2012.10.019. Retrieved March 1, 2015, from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364032112005618

Radočaj, O., & Rong Tsao, E. (2014). Effects of Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) Seed Oil PressCake and Decaffeinated Green Tea Leaves (Camellia sinensis) on Functional Characteristics of GlutenFree Crackers. Journal of Food Science, 79(3), C318-C325. Retrieved March 1, 2015, from http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1111/1750-3841.12370

Vilcina, A., Grinberga-Zalite, G., & Makovska, K. (2014). Development of hemp industry in the

European Union and Latvia. Regional Formation and Development Studies, 3(14), 199-206, ISSN 2029-9370, http://dx.doi.org/10.15181/rfds.v14i3.876. Retrieved February 28, 2015, from http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.proxy.uprb.edu/eds/detail/detail?vid=3&sid=671a89ba-5ec3-40c0-9387-6047612cf86d%40sessionmgr112&hid=111&bdata=Jmxhbmc9ZXMmc2l0ZT1lZHMtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=bth&AN=98514685

Hemp Essay

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